Shimada, Takeshi : SHIMA Knowledge Laboratory, Japan & Ishii, Kazuyoshi : Kanazawa Institute of Technology, Japan From: 2008 ISPIM Innovation Conference (Tours) Collaboration strategy selection in Japan has chiefly focused on the technologies and knowledge to be acquired, overlooking the appropriate timing management for the effective use of collaboration chance. This often causes difficulties when a company intends to use a collaboration chance. This paper has demonstrated that introducing the time-base concepts is effective for managing the collaboration strategy selection of pharmaceutical companies. The model presented here reflects the best practices of collaboration strategies applied by successful Japanese pharmaceutical companies. Case studies of Japanese pharmaceutical companies showing the best practices provide useful information on how to make effective decisions regarding collaboration strategies. A full version of this document is not available for purchase or download.